Reston Spring

Reston Spring
Reston Spring

Sunday, August 31, 2014

UPDATED: The people designing your cities don’t care what you want. They’re planning for hipsters. Washington Post, August 15, 2014

UPDATE:  This WaPo article takes a hard look at the specific problem of the lack of availability of less expensive rental units in Washington, DC.  Apparently not everyone in the WDC metro area is a hipster although developers keep building housing for them, not people with moderate incomes.  

Does the recent Reston Master Plan amendment for the Metro station areas mean Reston is abandoning its principles as a place for everyone to "live, work, and play?"  Will these areas be built for upscale "hipsters" at the expense of Bob Simon's ideals?

This excellent Washington Post article by Joel Kotkin, Roger Hobbs Fellow in Urban Studies at Chapman University and author of The New Class Conflict, lays out expertly the pattern of planning we have seen in thinking about Reston's Metro station areas for the last five years.  Indeed, the small and by in large very expensive dwelling units--condos and apartments--being planned in the 1/2-mile circle around each station are generally inaccessible to any household earning less than $80,000 per year in today's dollars or is larger than 3 people.

The core Reston Task Force planning assumption was these living spaces would include 1,200 gross square feet (GSF) per unit, which includes all the common areas including ground floor retail, elevators, hallways, etc.  That translates roughly into less than 800 square feet of livable space per apartment/condo. 

Right now, price ranges for high-rise condos in Reston Town Center range from about $350,000 for a low-floor 2BR condo to more than $1.3 million for a penthouse level condo with 2BR unit. Even at the low end of that range, a mortgage of $300,000 would cost the homebuyer about $2,000 per month in PITI payments ($24,000 per year).  On the apartment side, you'll be hard pressed to find a rental unit under $1,500/mo ($18,000/yr) and some go as high as $5,000/mo ($60,000 per year). 

OK, there are recommendations in Reston's new master plan that a small percentage of units (12% to 18% depending on the size of the development) be set aside for workforce housing, but they will be even smaller than the average (minimum ~300SF for efficiencies to ~500SF for 2BR) and the number of units will be well far less than the demand for them.  (Note:  The "Workforce Housing" program is intended for households generally with income between 80% and 120% of the County median income, which is now about $107,000.  That means families with incomes ranging from about $85,000 to $128,000 are eligible for this housing.)

Still, by far the largest share of Reston dwellings are--and will be--suburban style single-family residences.  Indeed, speaking only for my own neighborhood, we have seen a nearly full generational transfer in housing from my 60s-70s generation to young families in their 30s-40s with young kids.  Just a few of us from the last generation are still hanging around--and actually enjoying the renewed vitality of our neighborhood with younger adults and dozens of kids playing outside.  And so we reasonably expect it to go for at least another generation--including the move of many of those "hipsters" to neighborhoods like ours as they begin their families.

But let's take a look at what Kotkin has to say:

What is a city for?
It’s a crucial question, but one rarely asked by the pundits and developers who dominate the debate over the future of the American city.
Their current conventional wisdom embraces density, sky-high scrapers, vastly expanded mass transit and ever-smaller apartments. It reflects a desire to create an ideal locale for hipsters and older, sophisticated urban dwellers. It’s city as adult Disneyland or “entertainment machine,” chock-a-block with chic restaurants, shops and festivals.
Overlooked, or even disdained, is what most middle-class residents of the metropolis actually want: home ownership, rapid access to employment throughout the metropolitan area, good schools and “human scale” neighborhoods.
A vast majority of people — roughly 8o percent — prefer a single-family home, whether in the city or surrounding communities. And they may not get “creative” gigs at ad agencies or writers collectives, but look instead for decent-paying opportunities in fields such as construction, manufacturing or logistics. Over the past decade, these jobs have been declining rapidly in “luxury cities” like New York, Chicago and Los Angeles.
In contrast, such jobs, which pay $60,000 to $100,000 annually, have been growing — particularly as the industrial and energy sectors have recovered — in cities like Houston, Austin, Nashville and Salt Lake City. These locales also feature housing, relative to incomes, that is more affordable.
Of course, few urbanists wax poetic about Dallas or Des Moines. . . .
Click here to read the rest of this article.

Saturday, August 30, 2014

Fairfax County Public Library Friends' Forum, Sunday, September 14, 2014, 12:30PM

WHEN: Sunday, September 14, 2014
WHERE:           Tysons-Pimmit Regional Library
                        7584 Leesburg Pike (Route7)
Falls Church, VA 22043-2099
TIME:   12:30 pm          Registration and Refreshments
              1:00 pm          Branch Manager Welcome
              1:05 pm          Discussion—Building an Advocacy Toolbox: A Conversation Among Friends.  
Facilitated by David Broder, President of SEIU VA 512
Janice Kuch, Branch Manager Library Access Services                                     
             3:00 pm          Adjournment
Confirmed Special Guests:                  
Supervisor Linda Smyth
Library Board of Trustees - P. Dando, L. Clements, D. Heinrichs, K. Delaney, M. Donovan, and W. Jasper
Representatives from: the League of Women Voters of Fairfax County; the Federation of Citizens Associations of Fairfax County; the Fairfax County Government Employees Union (FCGEU); the Virginia Civic Engagement Table;  Virginia New Majority; the Alliance for Human Service; and the American Federation of Teachers, AFL-CIO, Fairfax County Public Library Employees Association (FCPLEA). 
The "conversation" is intended to explore how the Library Friends can respond to an invitation from the Library Trustees for us to advocate for our libraries. We want to explore ways in which Fairfax County Public Library Friends can advocate for well-funded, quality libraries. A variety of special guests with experience regarding advocacy will contribute to the conversation. We hope to compile a list of advocacy ideas for Friends to use going forward - an "Advocacy Toolbox".
RSVPs/QUESTIONS:    RSVPs due no later than 9/4/2014 to Mary Vavrina of theTysons Library Friends at 703-399-6762 or  As space is limited, earlier RSVPs are greatly appreciated.  

Thursday, August 21, 2014

U.S. Transportation Secretary Foxx Announces $1.28 Billion Loan for Phase Two Silver Line to Dulles, August 20, 2014

U.S. Transportation Secretary Foxx Announces $1.28 Billion Loan for Phase Two Silver Line to Dulles

DOT 78-14
WASHINGTON – U.S. Transportation Secretary Anthony Foxx today announced the closing of a $1.28 billion Transportation Infrastructure Financial Innovation Act (TIFIA) loan to the Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority (MWAA) for construction of Phase Two of the Metrorail Silver Line extension.
Work will begin at the Wiehle Avenue Station, where Phase One work ended, and includes construction of 11.4 miles of track from Wiehle Avenue to Route 772 in eastern Loudoun County.  Six new stations will also be constructed along the way – Reston Town Center, Herndon, Innovation Center, Washington Dulles International Airport, Route 606 and Route 772, and a new Service and Inspection Yard at Dulles International.
“The first phase of the Silver Line has been an overwhelming success, and we look forward to ensuring the second half is just as successful, with the help of this $1.28 billion loan from the federal government,” said Secretary Foxx.  “When complete, the Silver Line will help residents and visitors get where they need to go safely, quickly and affordably. It’s the kind of project we’d like to see more of, and one way to do that is  if Congress will support our GROW AMERICA Act to provide long-term funding for transit systems, roads and bridges nationwide.”
Secretary Foxx joined other U.S. Department of Transportation officials along with state and local elected leaders last month to celebrate the opening of the first phase of the Silver Line, which represented the largest expansion of Metrorail service in 20 years.  The first phase extended Metrorail service from the East Falls Church Metrorail station through the large Tysons Corner employment and retail center to the Wiehle-Reston East Metrorail station in the Reston area of Fairfax County.  Metro announced that during its first week of service alone, nearly 220,000 trips were taken. 
The Silver Line is being constructed by MWAA and operated by the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA). The new line is expected to serve approximately 85,700 daily riders by 2030.
“Completion of the Silver Line project will provide a critical link to Dulles International Airport and gives residents in the rapidly growing Northern Virginia region more transportation options,” said Sylvia Garcia, Chief Financial Officer and Assistant Secretary for Budget and Programs.
This delivers part of an approximately $1.87 billion combined commitment of TIFIA loans for Phase Two of the Silver Line extension to Loudoun County, which represents the largest TIFIA assistance for a single project in the program’s history.
The Obama Administration’s GROW AMERICA Act is a $302 billion, four-year national vision for an aging transportation network and a growing population. The GROW AMERICA Act would invest $72 billion in public transportation alone to address the urgent transit challenges facing urban, suburban and rural communities, in addition to providing $4 billion for TIFIA that can support approximately $40 billion in innovative financial assistance for infrastructure projects.
The TIFIA credit program is designed to fill market gaps and leverage substantial non-federal investments.  Each dollar of federal funding can provide up to $10 in TIFIA credit assistance and support up to $30 in transportation infrastructure investment.  Since its launch, the TIFIA program has helped 46 projects turn almost $18.5 billion in U.S. Department of Transportation assistance into more than $69.5 billion in infrastructure investment across America.

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Wednesday, August 20, 2014

Tuesday, August 19, 2014

NOVUS comments on changes at Lake Anne Fellowship House--and we respond. (Two Updates)

UPDATE #2, 8.24/2014:  We have added a new comment from Mr. Seldin as well as Mr. Maynard's reply to the bottom of this post.  

UPDATE, 8/20/2014:  We have updated these excerpts with Mr. Seldin's response to Mr. Maynard and his reply at the bottom of this post.  

Yesterday RestonNow posted an article on the upcoming hearings for redevelopment of Crescent Apartments and Lake Anne Fellowship House (LAFH).   We responded, in part, with our continuing concern over the fate of the residents of more than 100 apartment units who will be evicted to make way for the building of 285 luxury apartments at LAFH.  Robert Seldin, the head of NOVUS LLC, the company redeveloping LAFH castigated us for errors and said we should apologize to LAFH's volunteers and residents.  We responded in turn.  Below are those comments for your information.

Terry Maynard
The two Lake Anne applications are the first re-zoning applications to implement the re-development of Lake Anne Village Center. The plan for re-developing the Crescent Apts. has been widely endorsed, especially for its effort to assure at least the same number of affordable units as the existing facility. The re-development of Lake Anne Fellowship House at last count included plans to evict more than 100 poor, largely foreign language speaking residents in favor of high-end apartments. We need to watch to ensure that the latest revision to this re-zoning plan includes a reasonable apartment for ALL the current LAFH residents.

Terry Maynard, you are completely misinformed about the Fellowship proposal and by further spreading disinformation may cause irreparable harm to the Fellowship Square residents. Please allow me the opportunity to state the facts. At present only 114 out if the total 240 potential residents at LAFH receive direct Federal housing subsidy. This subsidy is set to expire for most residents (86 of the 114) in 24 months leaving them with no means of housing support. Further this subsidy is tied directly to the Fellowship Square building so those residents who need subsidy are forced to stay at the property. The proposed redevelopment will instead provide "Permanent, Portable Direct Housing Subsidies To All 240 Residents For The Rest of Their Lives" provided they earn less than 80% of AMI. This is a degree of housing security that none of the residents currently enjoys and I dare say very few people anywhere receive. The subsidy will pay the difference between 30% of a residents income and their actual housing cost, meaning that if a resident has no income, their housing is free. By being portable all residents will now have the freedom to choose housing that best suits their needs rather than being tied to a decaying structure. In addition to this permanent security for all, the proposed redevelopment will also add 140 new permanent affordable units to replace the 26 temporary affordable units that will be on site in 2016. All residents will be given access to a housing relocation counselors and will receive up to $3,500 apiece to cover moving expenses either into the new building or into other housing of their choosing.
I think that in light of the facts, you owe all of the fine Fellowship volunteers and their residents a sincere apology.

Thank you for your feedback, Mr. Seldin. For those of RestonNow’s readers who don’t know who Mr. Seldin is, he is the head of NOVUS Residences LLC, the residential division of Cafritz Interests. They have proposed the redevelopment of Lake Anne Fellowship House (LAFH) into more than 285 luxury apartments and only 140 affordable units, leaving the residents of 114 units without a home next year.
Now to your comment: It corroborates explicitly the point I made.  It is NOVUS’ intention to force (i.e.—evict) residents of more than 100 low-income units in LAFH to find housing elsewhere. It is well within NOVUS’ ability to provide that housing at the current LAFH area location in the new over-sized luxury apartment complex NOVUS plans to build, but you have chosen to build a very limited number of low-income housing units in your redevelopment of LAFH.  At the same time, NOVUS is buying residents off with a miniscule rent subsidy because, under Section 8 Housing Choice Voucher Program, IT IS REQUIRED BY LAW. This is not because of NOVUS’ overwhelming corporate generosity as Mr. Seldin infers. Here is a simple statement covering this situation from a Nevada publication on affordable housing support: “In the new Section 8 Housing Choice Voucher project-based rental assistance program, a tenant in good standing moving out of a project-based unit (such as LAFH) must be offered a tenant-based subsidy, provided the tenant has lived in the project-based unit for at least a year.” Do you see that word “must”? So thank you for obeying federal law. And if you need more documentation, I can provide it.
Right now In Fairfax County, the 2014 maximum allowable rent in affordable dwelling units (excluding utilities) ranges from $780 to $1,115 per month, depending on the number of bedrooms (0-3). It is unclear to me how many, if any, LAFH residents could afford those rents, even with your small subsidy.
But there are NO available rental units in Fairfax County under its Housing Choice Voucher program. In fact, even THE WAITING LIST IS CLOSED according to the County website. (See So your plan will not only throw them out of LAFH and Reston, YOUR PLAN WILL THROW THEM OUT OF FAIRFAX COUNTY. Great work there, Mr. Seldin!  That so defies Reston’s Vision calling for diversity—including income diversity--as stated both in Bob Simon’s original vision and the recently approved Reston Master Plan that it is sickening. It is also morally reprehensible. We clearly understand where NOVUS’ priority lies: Maximizing profits at the expense of tenants.
As for the volunteers at LAFH, I have nothing but immense gratitude for their tremendous efforts in assisting the hundreds of LAFH residents in difficult circumstances, and nothing I said in my comment suggested otherwise. In fact, your statement was gratuitous.
Moreover, I hope that—and I will work for—an accommodation that allows ALL the existing LAFH residents can remain at Lake Anne in the new NOVUS development—even if it cuts into NOVUS’ bottom line. And we at Reston 2020 will work with other community advocates to press the County to help assure that happens. Throwing more than 100 poor people out of LAFH and Reston would violate all that Reston stands for.
In the meantime, I believe the only person who owes LAFH residents an apology is you for what you are about to do to them.

Thank you Terry. We appreciate your desire to see the best outcome for the Lake Anne residents. This is a desire that we likewise share and that has been the animating principle behind our efforts on behalf of Fellowship Square for the better part of the past 2 years. If recognition of your desire to help arrive at the best possible outcome, we are happy to meet with you and any members of your orgainization to discuss the challenges and opportunities available for the property and the solutions that we have been able to thus far arrange. If you are aware of any potential methodologies by which we can arrive at a better outcome for the residents we are certainly glad to incorporate them into the plan if we can. If you would like to discuss this further, please feel free to reach me in the office at 202-446-0670. In the interim, please allow me the courtesy of rectifying certain aspects of our proposal that may still be misunderstood.
At present only 114 "units" of the 240 total units at Lake Anne Fellowship House carry "temporary" project based subsidy. This subsidy enables the residents in these units to afford to live.
Residents in the other 126 units do not receive any housing support despite financial circumstances that see many of the "unsubsidized" residents paying upwards of 65% of their limited income on housing.
The temporary project based subsidy is set to expire for 86 of the 114 units in September, 2016.
The temporoary project based subsidy for the remaining 28 units expires in 2023.
Once the subsidy expires, it cannot be reinstated since the existing subsidy programs are no longer in existence.
Once the subsides expire, the newly unsubsidized residents will lose their ability to pay rent and therefore have an increasingly uncertain future.
The existing Lake Anne Fellowship Houses 1 and 2 are both in need of signficant repairs. The property's meager income stream (the product of the property's extremely low rents) is insufficient to enable even routine maintenance. This creates an ongoing cycle of decline that hastens the property's functional and physical obsolescence. This cycle of decline is not in anyone's best interests to continue.
Fellowship Square has been investigating potential solutions to these challenges for the past 4 years in hopes of arriving at a solution that would provide lasting financial benefits to all residents (not just those in jepoardy of losing current subsidy) while generating a new 40 year life in permanently affordable senior housing.
The existing buildings are completely unregulated in terms of rent and age by the County and therefore once the mortgages expire (2016 and 2023 respectfully) they could be leased at 100% market rates and to residents of all ages. While this would create the best financial outcome for the Foundation, as stated previously the primary motivating factor beind this exercise is to provide maximum benefit to the existing residents while enabling the maximum amount of long lasting senior affordable housing.
We have been working with the Foundation for over 2 years and have been funding 100% of the cost of their exploration into potential solutions during this period. At no point during this process has our involvement been predicated upon requiring a solution that would enable us to develop new apartments but rather has been done, in large part, as a component of our owner's ongoing history of charitable works thoughout the DC region.
After hearing the Foundations list of desires, we set about working with the relevant Federal and State agencies who play ongoing roles in this property to see how to craft the best potential solution. After one year of ongoing discussions and explorations, the best direction was as follows:
1) HUD would provide PERMANENT, GUARANTEED, and PORTABLE section 8 housing vouchers to all 240 residents living in either Lake Anne 1 and Lake Anne 2 regardless of whether they were in a currently subsidized unit. Rather than being forced to live in properties that carried current subsidy that could expire, all residents could now choose properties and bring the subsidy with them and that subsidy could not expire.
2) These vouchers WOULD NOT come from the County's existing allocation but would instead be accretive to the County total. Therefore no Fellowship Square residents would need to wait in any lines and no Fellowship Square residents would see any gaps in their coverage. As you are correct that the County's existing wait list for normal vouchers is currently 3 years long, it was important to get this assurance as the primary animating principal behind this initiative was to provide benefit to the existing residents.
3) The vouchers would provide PERMANENT HOUSING SECURITY FOR ALL RESIDENTS FOR THE REMAINDER OF THEIR LIVES. This is a condition that not one resident currently enjoys and that frankly most people in the US don't ever achieve.
4) To secure these Vouchers, Novus would fund and construct for Fellowship Square a new 140 unit permanently affordable senior building on the east (vacant) portion of the existing FSF site. It was expected that this building would be complete with construction by year end, 2017.
5) The 140 new units were required by HUD as 140 is the number of units currently covered by the existing mortgage on Lake Anne 1. Even though the existing Lake Anne 1 only has 28 subsidized units and is ultimately unregulated by the County once the existing mortgage expires, the new property would carry permanent affordability and be permanently for seniors.
6) From the time that we are able to finalize a deal with HUD (which ultimately requires having an approved site plan from Fairfax County) all Fellowship Square residents would be granted vouchers and given access to a housing counselor who would help each resident identify the potential housing that best suited their individual needs. As the new Fellowship building would not be complete until the end of 2017, this would give all residents upwards of 3 years to identify the best option for them.
7) Once the new Fellowship Square was complete and all of the residents had been successfully accommodated in the new housing of their choosing, Novus would remove the existing buildings and commence construction on the new market rate housing.
8) Through the "creation" of 240 "Permanent, New, Transportable Vouchers" for all existing residents plus the construction of 140 new permanent affordable senior units, the proposed redevelopment would create the opportunity for up to 380 deserving seniors to have dramatically improved housing prospects as compared to 114 existing residents who are currently facing subsidy expirations and the prospect of life in a decaying structure that does not best meet their needs. By most objective standards this appeared to be a worthwhile set of achievements.
A few other points that may also be worth understanding include:
1) Current HUD Fair Market Rent for a 1 Bedroom unit in the DC MSA is $1,239 per month, as compared with the $780 per month that you may have been lead to believe.
2) The Section 8 voucher pays the difference between the Fair Market Rent and whatever amount is 30% of a resident's income. If the resident earns $0 the voucher pays the full $1,239 per month (or up to $14,868 per resident per year).
3) Over a 30 year period, assuming a resident has no income, this would equate to a benefit of nearly $450,000 per resident in todays dollars; an amount I would respectfully suggest is somewhat more than "miniscule".
4) Absent this proposal, none of these benefits can accrue to any of the existing residents. The residents who lose their subsidies will lose their subsidies. The residents with no money to afford better accommodations will be forced to remain in the existing cycle of decline.
While there are countless other legal nuances that underscore the set of facts outlined above, they are indeed the facts as we best understand them. As stated in many prior instances, we are certainly sensitive to people's concerns about the property, the proposed redevelopment, and the issues facing the existing residents. As it remains primarily the resident's interests that we are working to advance we are grateful for the community's interest and their willingness to help advance solutions that guarantee the best possible outcomes. While there are plenty of items worth discussing, we believe that a solution that guarantees housing security for life for all existing residents remains a priority and worthwhile goal.
We likewise believe that any solution that adds 140 new permanent affordable senior housing units to a site that has no permanent affordability today advances those goal even further. And lastly we believe that any solution that requires that all existing residents must be provided for, and all affordable units be constructed before any new market rate apartments can even commence furthers that goal yet again. We proudly stand by the work that we and the Foundation have done and continue to do on behalf of the residents and we invite you to share in the success that we hope to bring them. Thank you again for your time and thought. We look forward to speaking with you soon.
With Best Regards,
Robert M. Seldin
Novus Residences

Mr. Seldin: Thank you for your more considerate and illuminating response. Still, it appears that they reinforce the two key points I made earlier and leads to a shared conclusion: ·
--NOVUS is planning to evict poor, largely non-English speaking residents of 100 LAFH apartments.
--NOVUS is doing little to nothing more than is required by federal, state, Virginia, and County law, including building 140
affordable dwelling units, to meet the housing needs our Reston’s less fortunate.
--Although we have not mentioned it before, I agree with you that LAFH has become a barely livable place in recent years and needs to be replaced.
In replacing LAFH, you are pursuing a course that sees the construction of 140 permanent affordable dwelling units (because you must) and 285 “market rate” apartments under the “full consolidation” option of the new Lake Anne Comprehensive Plan allowing 425 units.   First, it is not clear to me how your proposed plan meets the requirements of the “full consolidation” option, i.e.—that your effort is combined with the efforts of others Lake Anne redevelopment efforts. A paragraph in the same section of that Plan also states: “Any redevelopment of this (LAFH) property should replace the loss of any of the existing affordable rental units among all the Land Units (at Lake Anne).” It would seem logical, then, that guarantees of the concurrent availability of the other 100 needed affordable residences in the Lake Anne area should be included. Is Republic onboard with the notion to build affordable units at Crescent Apartments to make up for at least some of your shortfall at LAFH? I am not aware that this is the case. What arrangements do you have in place (or expect to have in place before you seek County approval)
to assure that all LAFH residents can be re-situated in their current neighborhood when they are forced to leave LAFH with their vouchers in hand?
Another approach you might consider is pursuing “bonus” density for providing 100 “extra” affordable units at LAFH for all those people you now plan to displace. As you are aware, the County is woefully short of affordable housing and, to the extent legally permissible, would probably look favorably on such an offer. Heaven knows, the county has been “flexible” elsewhere in Reston for much less humanitarian reasons.
And you have a basis for doing so: “Housing will be provided for all ages and incomes” is one of Reston’s core Planning Principles under the new Reston Master Plan. Twenty percent might be an appropriate bonus number of units, so you might be able to add as many as 85 units to your 425 currently allowable total units if you added 100 affordable units, thus creating 240 affordable units and 270 “market rate” units. My guess is that the added rents from the 85 extra units (even if there are 15 fewer “market rate” units) would substantially exceed the revenues under the current proposal. (100 ADUs at $1,289/month is $128,900. Would you expect to receive $8,600/month in rent from each of the 15 “market rate” units you’d lose to make up the difference?) Admittedly there would be added costs, but the affordable units would also offer NOVUS tax incentives. You’d have to do the math to see if it’s workable.
Finally, I will take a critical shot at your remarks. You make it sound as if NOVUS is making a sacrifice or doing something extraordinary for LAFH’s residents when you are not, in fact. You are doing what is legally necessary to create the opportunity for a vastly more profitable market-oriented apartment complex. You even made it sound as if the housing subsidy LAFH evictees would receive would come from NOVUS, and apparently that’s not true.
You also note that the new “permanent, guaranteed, and portable” Section 8 vouchers are accretive and would not mean that displaced LAFH residents would not have to go to the back of line that is closed to wait for affordable housing. That is a good thing, but it still doesn’t address the issue of affordable housing availability in Lake Anne as called for by the Comprehensive Plan, or more broadly available in Reston or Fairfax County. You can’t live in a voucher. Are you aware of any such current housing opportunities or opportunities by the time you evict LAFH’s residents? I’m not. You see because most developers like NOVUS don’t want to build more affordable housing than the law requires, rarely is any new housing available.
Most importantly, the idea of large scale eviction and gentrification of Reston’s low-income housing is anathema to Reston’s vision. As a new developer in Reston, you will do much better if you try to become part of our community and not fight it on one of its most important foundations. I think you will find Restonians and others interested in housing affordability much more receptive to your plan if NOVUS shows its commitment to that core value by accommodating all of LAFH’s current residents in its new development. You simply have to find a way to keep all LAFH's residents in the Lake Anne area, and preferably in the new LAFH.

Terry: Thank you again for your additional thoughts. We are grateful for your concern regarding the resident’s well-being as that concern has likewise been the primary animating objective of the  Foundation’s efforts to date. Despite your undoubtedly good intentions,  there are a variety of items about which you still may not be fully informed, and that may prove more helpful to discuss in person. Please let us know if this is something you wish to do and we are happy to arrange our schedules to accommodate your timing convenience. In the interim, please allow me to more clearly enumerate some facts about which there still appears to be some confusion.
The Foundation is not going to evict anyone. Not only would this be prohibited by law, it would violate the very essence of their organization’s purpose which is to insure the best housing options for seniors of limited means in the DC area. In support of the Foundation’s mission, the primary objective of the redevelopment effort is to enable the existing residents to gain access to a far wider and better pool of potential housing options than their limited means currently affords. As lack of money is the main reason that the residents do not have more housing choices today, enabling the residents to gain access to life changing financial resources and the personal and direct counseling services associated with those resources is paramount. By procuring Section 8 vouchers for all residents, each resident would suddenly have access of up to an additional $1,240 per month in federal housing support payments. While an additional $1,240 per month may not seem like much to a typical Reston resident, to the typical Fellowship Square resident it is life changing.
It may likewise be helpful to understand who lives at Lake Anne Fellowship House. A typical resident is between 70 and 90 years of age and has a gross income of between $700 and $1,000 per month. For these residents, particularly those in non-subsidized units, paying rent of even $500 per month presents a serious challenge. The existing buildings are both approximately 40 years old, were built rather inexpensively, and were neither designed nor constructed to accommodate an aged population.
The property meets neither ADA nor Fair Housing design standards, the elevators are not sufficiently sized to house an ambulance stretcher and interior doors and unit hallways are not wide enough to accommodate a wheel chair. The unsuitability of the structures for their current use deters most residents with greater access to capital. When combined with the Foundation’s mission to serve seniors of limited means, the results are a property with extremely low rents and revenues that are insufficient to cover
daily property expenses. With revenues insufficient to fund even routine maintenance, let alone important upgrades, the property has entered a self-reinforcing cycle of decline. This serves no one’s interests.
 With this Catch-22,not even Joseph Heller is amused.
Another area of potential confusion may be the definition of “affordable housing” in Fairfax County. Within the County’s comprehensive plan, affordable housing is defined as housing available at less than 120% of area median income as a result of some government mandate or other external force. Therefore  affordable housing is not housing that simply “seems inexpensive” relative to other options nor is it housing that is deliberately offered at low rates by the owner. Within the context of Lake Anne Fellowship
House, the property today is regarded as “unregulated housing” by Fairfax County, meaning that the property owner could charge whatever rent they desired and that the market would bear.
Although unregulated by County mandate, the existing buildings must conform to certain income restrictions on specific units, required by the current mortgages, for so long as those mortgages are in place. Lake Anne 2 has a VHDA mortgage that expires in 2016. Lake Anne 1 has a HUD mortgage that expires in 2023.
In conjunction with the existing financing, the Lake Anne 2 mortgage provides 86 units with federal subsidy that expires in 2016 while the Lake Anne 1 mortgage provides an additional 28 units with federal subsidy that expires in 2023.
Once the subsidies expire they cannot be reinstated as the programs are no longer in effect. When the subsidies expire, the residents who have lost subsidy have also likely lost their ability to pay rent.
a practical sense, 114 out of a potential 240 total residents receive subsidy at Fellowship Square today. The 114 subsidized residents will be reduced to 28 subsidized residents in 2016 and then again to 0 subsidized residents in 2023. From a regulatory standpoint, this means that while there are 114 “affordable units” on site today, that number will fall to 28 “affordable units” on site in 2016 and then to 0 “affordable units” in 2023. Since the proposed development will complete the deliver 140 new  permanently affordable housing units in 2017, the newly constructed affordable units will in fact be increasing the number of “affordable units on site” by a factor of 5 times.
Due to the impending expirations, time is of the essence. 
 Understanding the urgency in achieving a positive solution we began engaging all relevant governmental agencies with influence over the property inearly 2013. Through multiple discussionswith relevant county, state and federal agencies we began to flesh out a seriesof goals and objectives that we hoped would enable a productive solution. While each agency is staffed with well-meaning professionals who all recognize that status quo ante at the propertyis unacceptable, as is sometimes the case with multiple jurisdictions,competing regulatory regimes, legal requirements and internal policies proved complicated to align.  With a goal of insuring improved financial and housing prospects for all residents and the re-creationof the maximum amount of new affordable housing, the following solution was reached:
1)  HUD would provide guaranteed, permanent, portable section 8 vouchers to all residents of Lake Anne 1 and 2 whether they were currently in a subsidized or not.
2)  These vouchers would not come from the existing County allocation and would grant all residents access to any apartment community in Reston, Fairfax County, Northern Virginia, or anywhere else in the
US that was registered to accept vouchers.
3)  With the vouchers, the residents would never have to pay more than 30% of their income on housing ever again, even if their income was $0.
4)  In exchange, Novus and FSF would construct 140 new permanently affordable senior units to replace the 140 units of Lake Anne 1 under the current HUD mortgage.
5)  In conformance with HUD policy, the new 140 units had to be constructed on the same site as the existing Lake Anne 1.
6)  Once the new FSF building was complete and all existing residents had successfully identified and  relocated to more suitable accommodations, Novus could purchase the existing LAFH buildings to  construct the new market rate apartments.
Sounds reasonably simple right?
Standing in the way of the plan’s successful implementation was a variety of obstacles.
The existing Lake Anne 1 and 2 buildings are physically connected but technically built on separate land parcels. The only open area upon which you could physically build 140 new apartments is on the non HUD controlled portion of land. Additionally, since FSF was up against a deadline of September 2106 to prevent the expiration of the existing subsidy, the plan had to proceed quickly through the site plan review and permitting process in order to meet the required construction delivery schedule. Lastly, due to the mounting time pressures, we required a guaranteed source of funding for both debt and equity. If any of  these items could not be achieved, the residents could not get vouchers, and the new affordable units  could not be constructed.
For debt, the clear solution was to utilize the Foundation’s 501c3 status to obtain new construction 501c3 tax exempt housing bonds from VHDA. The good news was that 501c3’s have unlimited tax exempt bond volume capacity under federal law which removes the risk of other competing projects “using up” the
limited supply of bond capacity for non 501c3 entities. The bad news was that 501c3 bonds do not provide tax credits that affordable housing projects normally rely upon for project equity. An additional and somewhat unforeseen complication was HUD’s reluctance to subordinate their Section 202 position to a first trust lender and VHDA’s requirement that their bonds be in a first trust position as the lender.
After working through the debt complications, the next issue was providing equity for the remainder
of the new FSF project which requires monetizing the land on which the existing FSF buildings sit.
As an organization with very limited financial resources, the only asset that FSF has to generate the
necessary capital to cover the gap between the debt proceeds and the total cost of the new affordable housing building is the land under the existing LAFH buildings which can be sold for construction of the new market rate apartments. Therefore, in simple terms, it is actually the ability to build the market rate apartments that pays for the construction of any new affordable housing and enables the receipt by the residents of the life improving vouchers that they need.
Unfortunately, as neither the County nor the Reston design review processes are known for their speed or lack of complexity, construction costs associated with the required design of both the affordable  building and the market rate housing escalated quickly as we navigated those processes. While still not complete, the current design requirements have yielded a project where the equity required to construct the new 140 affordable units is equal to the total value of the land that we have agreed to purchase for the 285 market rate units.
Adding further complication is the timing of and security of the required equity.  Since Novus cannot purchase the land until after the new FSF building is complete and stabilized and all existing residents  safely in new and better housing, in order to provide vouchers to the existing residents, and to provide the  new 140 units of permanent affordable housing, it is Novus who must fund the entirety of the equity  (between $10 Million and $20 Million) required to build the new FSF building without any insurance that we can ever construct our project. Further, even if we had such assurances, we will still be elongating the  time during which we receive no equity return by multiple years; a duration that dramatically reduces the  viability of the market rate apartments which are the financial engine driving all of the proposed benefits.
As any prudent investor might ask, “What happens if interest rates spike and we are unable to get a  construction loan for the market rate building?” “What happens if costs increase during the extended  period and the market rate project ceases to be financially viable?” The answer is Novus will have lost in  excess of ten million dollars but the existing residents will all have life-improving guaranteed housing  funds, a world of better housing choices, and Lake Anne will have 140 new permanently affordable
senior housing units.
While I appreciate your skepticism of developers and your lack of appreciation for the perceived sacrifices and risks that we are making on behalf of the residents, I can assure you that the facts described above are far from traditional “development risks” and our willingness to expend such extraordinary means is only possible through the unique charitable underpinnings of our unique owner and his family. We are of  course willing to share this risk if you would care to make a donation.
In closing, we recognize that these are challenging issues that rightly raise people’s interest and passion. Our goal was to work diligently to understand the existing facts and provide a solution that  enabled the best solution possible. What I think we have accomplished is something that far exceeds  any normal level of expectation and is something that we and the Foundation are proud to stand behind.
Does this mean that everyone must agree with our decisions? No. But in keeping with Reston’s vision, I  leave you with these questions:
 "How is a solutionthat provides permanent access to life enhancing housing support payments andaccess to far better housing options for all residents not in keeping with the vision of Reston?”
“How is a solution that increases by a magnitude of 5 to 1 the number of permanent affordable housing units in Lake Anne not in keeping with the vision of Reston?”
And perhaps most importantly, “What kind of communityhas Reston become where neighbors prevent the poorest among them from receivinglife improving financial support and dramatically improved housing prospects simplybecause some of the beneficiaries may find better housing options somewhere besides Reston?”
Thank you again for your time and consideration and we welcome the opportunity to speak with you and any concerned citizens in person to explore these issues in more detail if desired. This will respectfully be my final post on this site regarding this issue and as a gentleman I offer you the last word.
With Kindest Regards,
Robert M. Seldin

Mr. Seldin: Thank you for the additional information you have provided. Your comments have moved from the shrill to the substantive in the course of this exchange, and I appreciate that. Still, your lengthy response does nothing to change the essential fact of the situation:
It is NOVUS’ plan to throw the very low (& less) income (i.e.—50% or less of the area median income—AMI, which is about $53,000) senior residents of 100 LAFH apartments out on the street. Rather than providing these people housing—preferably at or near their current location—you are letting HUD provide them with a Section 8 rental “voucher” that subsidizes their rent. That “voucher” is virtually useless in a county and a metropolitan area that has a shortfall numbering in the tens of thousands of available low-income (or less) rental units. In essence, you are throwing these impoverished seniors out on the street. (I won’t say “evict,” because that’s a specific legal term, but the result is exactly the same: No place to live. Just tear down their homes) So far as I can tell from your comments, NOVUS is doing nothing more than the absolute minimum required to accommodate the low-income seniors living at LAFH—and it is not enough.
If you think I am kidding about the subsidized housing market in the area, please read the Urban Institute’s recent analysis of housing security in the Washington region, including the “FC” (Fairfax County, Fairfax City, & Falls Church) appendix. You can find it through this link: .
According to the FC appendix to that report, there are currently about 20,000 affordable rental units in FC, less than half that required to meet the need of very low (maximum $37-53K income range depending on number of household members, 1-4) and extremely low (maximum $22-32K income range) FC households. The Urban Institute FC analysis says there is a specific shortfall of 16,000 rental units
for these renters. And, if your gross income figures are right for LAFH’s residents, the people at LAFH fall well below the ceilings for extremely low income renters with annual incomes ranging from $8-12K—and that is where 15,000 of the 16,000 rental unit shortfall exists. So, to remain in the county (much less in Reston) these people will go to the back of a 16,000 person queue, a queue that is so long it is closed in Fairfax County.
The result of your plan is that residents, most of whom you say are 70-90 years old, of more than 100 apartments at LAFH will be thrown out on the street with little likelihood that they will find HUD-subsidized housing in the county or even the Washing metropolitan region. This is the most critical fact that you keep ignoring in your comments. (Side note: You also keep pointing out how much money the dispossessed’s subsidy is worth over 30 years. Just exactly how many 70-90 year-old people do you expect to live another 30 years to gather that hundreds of thousands of dollars in subsidies—notwithstanding the longevity of Bob Simon, our founder?)
Let me make this plain:
No one can live in a voucher no matter how beneficial the voucher may be. And there is no suitable housing available for all these residents in the Metro area, much less Reston.
I appreciate the conundrum the expiring HUD subsidies present NOVUS and Fellowship Square face, but don’t take out Fellowship Square’s inadequate management of the situation on the residents of LAFH. I presume it is not news to them that these rental subsidies were coming to the end with the payment of their HUD mortgage. I would note that the end of the mortgage also will mean a reduction in LAFH operating costs, which could easily be applied against the rents of those who will soon lose their rent subsidies. That seems to be another point you’ve overlooked in your comments, telling half the story. I don’t know whether the reduced costs would offset the reduced mortgage completely, but I’m confident your analysts can figure that out.
In the meantime, you and NOVUS have not offered “the best solution possible.” I offered an alternative for seeking “bonus” density in my last comment which would allow you to house all current LAFH residents as well as a large number of market-rate apartments. I won’t repeat it. No doubt there are other solutions that would meet the housing needs of LAFH’s residents as well as your profit motive—and still satisfy the complex requirements of the various governmental jurisdictions involved in this admittedly complex process.
-- A preference for “consolidated” development of Land Units A (parking lot), D (Crescent Apts.), and E (LAFH) over individual property “coordinated” development. The preferred option includes a substantial increase in the allowable number of dwelling units, including 425 for LAFH under a “consolidated” approach versus 320 units on a parcel-focused redevelopment. So far, the developers have not achieved “consolidated” development with NOVUS Residences working on LAFH (E) and Lake Anne Development Partners (LADP) handling the parking lot (A) and Crescent Apartments (D). We can find no indication that NOVUS’ proposal meets the requirements of “consolidated” development to warrant 425 units versus the base level of 320 units—nor have we heard NOVUS claim they have.
--Both the new Lake Anne plan’s “Areawide” and “Land Unit E” sections call for new housing to be provided in the Lake Anne area for everyone now living in affordable housing, which includes everyone in LAFH. The language in the Land Unit E section specifically states: “Any redevelopment of this (LAFH) property should replace the loss of any of the existing affordable rental units among all the Land Units (at Lake Anne).” The NOVUS proposal would force LAFH residents to find low-income senior housing somewhere beyond Lake Anne and probably Fairfax County because none is available locally according to County information.
--Planning Principle #7 of the Reston Master Plan—which itself took more than four years to develop—states, “Housing will be provided for all ages and income.” This statement reinforces similar language in Bob Simon’s original planning principles for Reston a half century ago. NOVUS’ proposal is a forced gentrification of LAFH that would see more than 100 residents dumped from their homes to an uncertain future in direct conflict with that principle.
What is most worrisome to me is that NOVUS may be intentionally using this non-conforming re-development proposal in conjunction with an implied—maybe even explicit--threat to walk away from LAFH altogether. The Foundation is virtually bankrupt and, you said, federal housing subsidies on 86 of the current apartments are set to expire in 2016 and another 28 units in 2023, either of which could force it into bankruptcy. In what may be a “take it or leave it” offer, NOVUS appears to be trying to use this imminent financial disaster as leverage to garner County approval for its proposal even if it does not comply with the County’s Comprehensive Plan. The specific housing impact of a Fellowship Square Foundation LAFH bankruptcy on the residents of LAFH is unclear to me.
The coming County decision on NOVUS’ scheme generally comes down to whether or not it wants to settle for the option NOVUS presents despite its non-compliance with the recently amended County Comprehensive Plan, and throw out more than 100 low-income seniors with housing vouchers to find new homes.
So let me end with a few questions for you:
1. Please explain why you believe your proposal meets the requirements of the Lake Anne Comprehensive Plan, specifically the requirement “consolidated” development that would allow NOVUS to build 425 rental units (vice 320) as you have proposed when the plan states, “Any redevelopment of this (LAFH) property should replace the loss of any of the existing affordable rental units among all the Land Units (at Lake Anne).” Where in the Lake Anne area will the residents of the 100 displaced LAFH units be placed—with or without vouchers?
2. Please explain how your proposal conforms to the broader Reston Master Plan Planning Principle #7 that “Housing will be provided for all ages and income.”
3. What kind of developer is NOVUS that it is quite willing to throw the most vulnerable of Reston’s residents—its impoverished seniors—out on the streets with a useless housing voucher that NOVUS isn’t even paying?
4. How do you sleep at night knowing that, because of your planned actions, more than 100 poor seniors may be homeless in two years?
As with your comment, this will be my final post here, but it is quite likely we will meet at the County Planning Commission and Board of Supervisor hearings if you continue to pursue this course of action.
Respectfully submitted,
Terry Maynard, Co-Chairman
Reston 2020 Committee